Knowledge federation definition

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knowledge federation 
organization of knowledge resources analogous to political federation

practice supporting such organization

(when capitalized) community developing knowledge federationsystem performing those activities [3]; (when capitalized) community and project whose goal is to develop knowledge federation through self-organization or bootstrapping [4].


  1. Think about a political federation such as the United States of America, where semi-autonomous political units (states) unite to form a larger unit that empowers a certain purpose they all share (for ex. forming a country powerful enough to be the leader of the free world). Similarly in a knowledge federation knowledge artifacts are united under a shared purpose or meaning. Think, for example, about witness A claims that X stole a black Dodge and B claims that X stole a blue Buick. Then we might federate those two claims under a higher-level claim that X stole an automobile, for ex. for the purpose of initiating an investigation (further federation).
  2. We talk about 'federating knowledge' or about 'federating a research article' or an insight when we extract the main ideas, relate them with other related existing ideas, represent them in a form that is understandable for general audience, exhibit them on the Web and allow public comments to increase credibility, bring those ideas to the attention of the communities and individuals to whom they are relevant, and bring the ideas of general relevance and interest to the attention of the media people.

    We think of knowledge federation as consisting of two general parts or movements:
    • aggregation, where we aggregate together ideas and artifacts that belong together, without bias or judgment and
    • sublimation, where we extract shared meaning, present it in accessible form, create high-level media material etc.
  3. Think about a conventional problem in computer science such as sorting; there are many possible algorithms, and constructing them is both an art and a science with its own theory, methods etc. Similarly, knowledge federation will have many algorithms, procedures etc..
  4. The Knowledge Federation community and project are about to be initiated by the participants of the Second International Workshop on Knowledge Federation (titled Self-Organizing Collective Mind) held October 3-6 2010 in Dubrovnik, Croatia.

See also


Knowledge Federation 
community for self-organization in knowledge work; (post-)discipline studying and developing knowledge work in the manner of 'sciences of the artificial'; project whose goal is to develop knowledge federation and implement it in practice; the first knowledge federation.
knowledge federation 
1 a federated structuring of knowledge artifacts; 2 a federated organization of knowledge work;3 activities and 4 values supporting knowledge federation.
1 federated structuring of knowledge artifacts 
a structure where a compound or higher-level or federated artifact is composed by combining or aggregating more specific or detailed ones, which at least to some degree preserve their identity and autonomy; Federation [...] is the process of combining multiple technology elements and/or heterogeneous resources into a single virtual entity. . Knowledge federation can include both data (semantic federation), programs (service federation) and presentation (view federation). Federation in this sense is distinguished from integration, where the participating resources are fully absorbed and lose their identity [1]; organizing or linking together knowledge resources that semantically or for other reasons belong together (for ex. because they are about the same subject, as in a topic map); subject-centric federation, understood as bringing together information resources that are about the same subject [...] without editorial bias [2]; structuring of knowledge artifacts analogous to political federation, where one or multiple low-level artifacts are united together under a shared high-level insight.
2 federated organization of knowledge work  
any social organization of knowledge work where knowledge workers cooperate on a shared task while preserving their organizational and professional autonomy;
  1. a knowledge-work counterpart to the value chain organization in business. We define knowledge federation as the principle of organization that combines the advantages of [conventional authoring of documents and Wikipedia-style unification][...]. If we liken the conventional documents or document authors to independent states, and Wikipediastyle knowledge unification to everyone being coalesced into a single state, then knowledge federation may be likened to political federation, which aims to reconcile the demands for autonomy of the local units with the interests of the larger whole they compose together. We let knowledge federation point at the broad spectrum of social organizations that are possible between the conventional document authoring and the Wikipediastyle knowledge unification as simple extreme points. [3]
3 knowledge federation activities 
activities leading to a federated organization of knowledge artifacts, such as topic mapping and semantic annotation, or specifically aggregation — bringing together artifacts that belong together because they are about the same subject or for other reasons and sublimation — creation of a shared view that reflects what is common and reconciles the differences.
4 knowledge federation values
a value system that supports knowledge federation; In knowledge federation we no longer assume that by putting an idea into the public space by publishing a research or a newspaper article has made the idea known. Indeed, the story of communication often only begins at that point. [4]


  1. (Tanaka, 2008)
  2. (Park, 2008)
  3. (Karabeg and Lachica, 2008)
  4. See Knowledge must be federated

See also

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